It is no secret that alcohol-based formulations are especially popular among skin antiseptics. The most frequent arguments in this regard are considered that they are more effective and safe, and in addition, they are recommended for use by Rospotrebnadzor. Is it so? We will tell you in the article.Myth # 1: alcohol kills all microorganisms
Myth # 2: alcohol antiseptics are safe
- Alcohol antiseptics really have disinfecting properties against many bacteria, viruses and some fungi. However, they are ineffective against spore-forming microorganisms..
- In order for an alcohol antiseptic to have sufficient disinfecting properties, it must have a fairly high concentration. The effective concentration is not less than 60–80%, depending on the type of alcohol.
This is perhaps the most controversial belief. The safety of alcohol-containing antiseptics depends on the type, quality of alcohol and proper use.
The vast majority of alcohols dry out the skin at least. This is a rather serious problem and can lead to serious consequences.
Ethanol is considered a relatively non-toxic substance, but when applied to a child's skin or damaged epidermis, it can be absorbed into the bloodstream and cause intoxication.
And isoproprolic alcohol is generally a poisonous substance and, if it enters the body, can lead to death. And even not in maximum concentrations in young children (under 6 years old) it can cause inflammation and burns.
In addition, from time to time in different countries, cases are recorded when antiseptics got on the mucous membranes or were ingested. Naturally, this cannot be done categorically. The likelihood of poisoning in this case is high, even if we are talking about a small amount of a quality product. And if you come across a fake, of which there have become so many over the past year that the probability of meeting them is very high, then the consequences of their use can be generally unpredictable.
Another risk: alcohol is flammable, especially at the recommended concentrations for effective exposure, and should not be used near open flames. Myth # 3: alcohol antiseptics are recommended by Rospotrebnadzor
The most interesting and controversial myth. Initially, alcohol-based antiseptics (without product specifying) were recommended by Rospotrebnadzor as more familiar and affordable. Subsequently, Rospotrebnadzor issued revised recommendations, where, in addition to alcohol, a number of other drugs based on QAC, guanidines, as well as chloroactive and oxygen-active compounds were indicated.
The main factor when choosing disinfectants, which is really designated by Rospotrebnadzor, is that they must be properly registered on the territory of the Customs Union (they have a registration certificate, a quality passport and instructions certified by a specialized research institute).